Did you know that every economy is divided into three main sectors? These are;

  •           Primary sector; it comprises of all forms of agricultural activities, bringing food to our table every day.
  •          Manufacturing sector; this one is responsible for producing goods for consumption by the end-user.
  •         The third is the Tertiary sector; which encompasses the entire service industry in it, from banking to retail.

Now, can you tell me which of these should be given the most importance? Think about it while I tell you my answer. I think the agricultural sector should be the paramount sector in its significance. However, a country that does give it that kind of prominence is considered underdeveloped by the first world.


The British economy will give you a picture. As of 2019, the GDP of our nation was $2,824,850 million. We were the fifth nation in the world in terms of this valuation.

However, the stats and figures for agriculture were almost pitiful.
o    This sector only contributed 0.6%, £9.9 billion, in the Gross Value Added.
o    The percentage of the workforce in this area of the total is just 1.5%, which equals to 476 thousand people.
o    The area covered by agricultural land is 69%.
o    The numbers of landholdings are about 200,000.
o    This one came as a shock to me; the average age of a British farmer is as old as 60.

Do you see the problem now? We have a few hundred thousand people working year-round to feed the population of 67 million people. How is that fair?

Most of our resources and manpower are directed towards industries and tertiary sector, and for the prominent leaders, the farming sector comes as an afterthought. But that wasn’t always the case.


Agriculture came to England in about 5000 BC along with the Syrians. So, a war-torn country in the middle-east taught us to grow food, how times can change. In that period, England was the Golden Eagle because of its highly arable lands. Everyone wanted a piece of it. The Scandinavians were the most significant threat of them all.

Still, the farming, both livestock and crops, boomed and people were happy. It lasted for centuries because the industry was not something people preferred over food.
Then came along the wars;

o    The first was the American Civil War, which meant food scarcity for the Britons because we lost that one.
o    Then there were the World War I and II. Up until the Second World War, the British consumed 55 million tons of food a year, but in 1939 we could only get 12 million tons. So food rationing was the only option left.

The government encouraged people to farm. But there were no men to do so since almost all were fighting the war. Women took up this task, and these women were called the Women’s Land Army or Land Girls as an informal alternative.

The food was so scared that the leaders had to think of something to improve it somehow. So they came up with a story.

People were asked to eat carrots because the government said it improved their vision at night, but that wasn’t the case. People were compelled to do so because carrots were the only food, the government had in surplus. But people believed it and pressure from other food items reduced. Is there anything sadder than this?
After experiencing such a low, there should have only been high points for this sector. There were many, but they did not last long enough to be valued today as well.


Survival without the farming industry is impossible. The cereal we eat in the morning and milk poured on top of it is all because of a farmer. From breakfast to lunch to dinner and even the fancy three Michelin star restaurant meals is the reflection of farmer’s good day at work.
Then why is it that;

o    Has the farmer not grown as much as the banker?

o    The farmer has to apply for loans for unemployed with bad credit and no guarantor because his crop did not give him sustainable profits?
o    The youngsters do not wish to be a farmer?
We need farmers as much as we need food. Our bodies cannot survive more than a few weeks without food. After the first two days, the glycogen that is stored in the liver and muscles is all used up, and we have limited energy then.
So imagine, if the food bringer did not exist, what would happen then?


The government has to do something, and it needs to do it soon. The condition of the farming business needs to be changed. For this;

o    The government must ensure that they are given the fair price for their produce at the food markets.
o    The government can also try to reduce land prices. This is because a higher income and low investment will attract new farmers into this industry.
o    Crop insurance should be made mandatory and reasonable for the farmers to protect themselves and their livelihood from the elements, heavy rain and fires being the most deadly for the crops.

Just implementing these three can help the farmers change the course of their life, from hardships and money worries to prosperity and affluence.


The farming industry is not getting its fair share of importance, but it should. This sector is the spine of every economy. Where else do you think the manufacturing and tertiary sectors get their raw materials from?
The paper we write on and the pencil we use to write with are the culmination of a farmer’s efforts. So how can we forget them, when they are ones who are driving us forwards?

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